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Impact of COVID-19 behavioral inertia on reopening strategies for New York City transit


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The COVID-19 pandemic has affected travel behaviors and transportation system operations, and raised new challenges for public transit. Cities are grappling with what policies can be effective for a phased reopening shaped by social distancing.

The C2SMART researchers used a baseline model for pre-COVID conditions to create a new model representing travel behavior during the COVID-19 pandemic. They achieved this both by recalibrating the population agendas to include work-from-home, and by re-estimating the mode choice model (to fit observed traffic and transit ridership data) for the Center's MATsim-NYC platform, a multi-agent simulation test bed for evaluating emerging transportation technologies and policies. They then analyzed the increase in car traffic due to the phased reopen plan guided by the state government of New York.

Analyzing four reopening phases and two reopening scenarios (with and without transit capacity restrictions), they found that a reopening with 100 ...


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